Born as a Roman military camp of the Legio VI Victrix around 29 B.C., León was consolidated with the definitive settlement of the Legio VII Gemina from the year 74 onwards. After its partial depopulation due to the Muslim conquest of the peninsula, it received a new impulse as part of the Kingdom of Asturias.
In the year 910 A.D. it began its most outstanding historical period when it became the head of the Kingdom of León, participating actively in the Reconquest against the Muslims and becoming one of the fundamental kingdoms in the configuration of the Kingdom of Spain. The city hosted the first Cortes in the history of Europe in 1188, under the reign of Alfonso IX, thanks to which in 2011 it was proclaimed by the Junta de Castilla y León as the Cradle of Parliamentarism. Its union with the Crown of Castile was definitive in 1301 AD, forming one of the two strongest kingdoms of the peninsula during the Medieval and Modern Ages.
In the War of Independence it was one of the first cities in Spain to rise up, and years after the end of the war, in 1833, it would acquire its rank of provincial capital. The arrival of the 20th century brought with it the Plan de Ensanche, which increased the urban expansion it had been experiencing since the end of the 19th century when the city became an important communications hub in the northwest due to the boom in coal mining and the arrival of the railroad.
Its historical and monumental heritage, among which Easter Week stands out, and its location as an obligatory stop on the Way of St. James, considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, make it a city full of life and culture. Among its most representative monuments are the Cathedral of Santa María de Regla, the best example of classical French Gothic style in Spain, the Basilica of San Isidoro, one of the most important Romanesque churches in Spain, tomb of the kings of León and considered the Sistine Chapel of Romanesque Art, the Monastery of San Marcos, the first example of Spanish Plateresque and Renaissance architecture, the Palace of Los Guzmanes, the Palace of the Counts of Luna; the church of the Market or Camino la Antigua, the church of Palat del Rey or the Casa de las Carnicerías and the Casa Botines, in modernist style and designed by the brilliant Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí, all of them declared of Cultural Interest.
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